Past QuMat seminars in Utrecht

The QuMat seminars in Utrecht is a bi-weekly joint venture between Utrecht’s experimental and theoretical condensed matter physics groups.
Coming QuMat seminars are listed here.

Videos from previous talks are available on youtube and listed here.

Ultrafast dynamics of 2D semiconductors and their heterostructures

Speaker: Giulio Cerullo – Politecnico Milano

Host: Zeila Zanolli



Layered materials are solids consisting of crystalline sheets with strong in-plane covalent bonds and weak van der Waals out-of-plane interactions. These materials can be easily exfoliated to a single layer, obtaining two-dimensional (2D) materials with radically novel physico-chemical characteristics compared to their bulk counterparts. The field of 2D materials began with graphene and quickly expanded to include semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs). 2D materials exhibit very strong light-matter interaction and exceptionally intense nonlinear optical response, enabling a variety of novel applications in optoelectronics and photonics. Furthermore, stacking 2D materials into heterostructures (HS) offers unlimited possibilities to design new materials tailored for applications. In such HS the electronic structure of the individual layers is well retained because of the weak interlayer van der Waals coupling. Nevertheless, new physical properties and functionalities arise beyond those of their constituent blocks, depending on the type, the stacking sequence and the twist angle of the layers.

This talk will review our recent studies on the ultrafast non-equilibrium optical response of TMDs and their HS. Using high time resolution ultrafast transient absorption (TA) spectroscopy, we monitor the ultrafast onset of exciton formation in TMDs [1] and the dynamics of strongly coupled phonons [2, 3]. Using helicity resolved TA spectroscopy we time-resolve intravalley spin-flip processes [4]. In HS of TMDs we measure ultrafast interlayer hole transfer [5], interlayer exciton formation [6] and use two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy to dissect interlayer electron and hole transfer processes [7].

[1] C. Trovatello et al., Nature Commun. 11, 5277 (2020).
[2] C. Trovatello et al., ACS Nano 14, 5700-5710 (2020).
[3] C. Sayers et al., Nano Lett. 23, 9235–9242 (2023).
[4] Z. Wang et al., Nano Lett. 18, 6882-6891 (2018).
[5] Z. Wang et al., Nano Lett. 21, 2165–2173 (2021).
[6] V. Policht et al., Nature Commun. 14, 7273 (2023).
[7] V. Policht et al., Nano Lett. 21, 4738–4743 (2021).

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